Nabi Tajima, the last known survivor of the 19th century, died in hospital in the town of Kikai, southern Japan, on Saturday.
A great-great-great grandmother who was the world’s oldest person has died at the age of 117.
Nabi Tajima, who was born on 4 August 1900, died in hospital in the town of Kikai in southern Japan on Saturday, officials said.
Ms Tajima raised seven sons and two daughters and reportedly had more than 160 descendants, including great-great-great grandchildren.
She became the world’s oldest person in September after the death of Violet Brown, of Jamaica, who was also aged 117.
The US-based Gerontology Research Group said another Japanese woman, Chiyo Miyako, is now the world’s oldest person.
Ms Miyako, who lives in Kanagawa prefecture, south of Tokyo, turns 117 on 2 May.
Guinness World Records certified 112-year-old Masazo Nonaka of northern Japan as the world’s oldest man earlier this month.