North Korea has unveiled previously unseen intercontinental ballistic missiles at an unprecedented pre-dawn military parade that showcased the country’s long-range weapons for the first time in two years.
Analysts say one of the missiles, which was shown on a transporter vehicle with 11 axles, would be one of the largest road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in the world if it becomes operational.
“This missile is a monster,” Open Nuclear Network deputy director Melissa Hanham said.
Also displayed were the Hwasong-15, which is the longest-range missile ever tested by North Korea, and what appeared to be a new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM).
Saturday’s parade was held to mark the 75th anniversary of the founding of North Korea’s ruling Workers’ Party.
Officials in South Korea and the US had predicted Kim Jong-un could use the event to unveil a new “strategic weapon” as promised earlier this year.
A senior US administration official called the display of the ICBM “disappointing” and called on the government to negotiate to achieve a complete denuclearisation.
The parade featured North Korea’s ballistic missiles for the first time since Kim began meeting with international leaders, including US President Donald Trump, in 2018.
“We will continue to build our national defence power and self-defensive war deterrence,” Kim said, but vowed that the country’s military power would not be used pre-emptively.
He made no direct mention of the US or the now-stalled denuclearisation talks.
Kim blamed international sanctions, typhoons, and the coronavirus for preventing him from delivering on promises of economic progress.
“I am ashamed that I have never been able to repay you properly for your enormous trust,” he said.
“My efforts and devotion were not sufficient to bring our people out of difficult livelihoods.”
Video showed Kim make an appearance as a clock struck midnight. Dressed in a grey suit and tie, he waved to the crowd and accepted flowers from children while surrounded by military officials in Pyongyang’s recently renovated Kim Il Sung Square.
Kim spoke for nearly half an hour, often visibly sweating despite the cool morning air, shedding tears when thanking the troops, and smiling and laughing as he watched the missiles.
The parade was highly choreographed, with thousands of troops marching in formation, and displays of new conventional military equipment including tanks, and fighter jets launching flares and fireworks.
Experts said the new, larger ICBM is likely designed to carry multiple independent re-entry vehicles (MIRVs), allowing it to attack more targets and making interception more difficult.
A former US intelligence officer for North Korea said the new ICBM is likely intended to dispel doubts about North Korea’s ability to strike the continental US, and carries an implicit threat that they are preparing to test the larger missile.
“If the Hwasong-15 could carry a ‘super-large’ nuclear warhead to anywhere in the US, then the natural question is what can this larger missile carry?” Markus Garlauskas said.
Kim became visibly emotional as he thanked troops for their sacrifice in responding to natural disasters and preventing a corovonavirus outbreak.
He said he was grateful that not a single North Korean had tested positive for the disease, an assertion that South Korea and the US have previously questioned.
While attendees at other celebratory events were shown wearing masks, no one at the parade appeared to be wearing them.
Kim said he hoped that North and South Korea would join hands again when the global coronavirus crisis is over.