The trial of Kimberly Potter, a former police officer facing manslaughter charges after she appeared to mistake her gun for her Taser and fatally shot Daunte Wright, began last week with jury selection, and continued through three days of testimony.
Ms. Potter, 49, was arrested in April, three days after she shot Mr. Wright, 20, during a traffic stop in a Minneapolis suburb. Mr. Wright had broken free from another officer who was trying to handcuff him, and as Mr. Wright got back into the driver’s seat of his car, Ms. Potter called out a warning, suggesting that she was using her Taser, and fired a single shot, killing Mr. Wright.
The shooting took place on a Sunday afternoon in Brooklyn Center, Minn., amid the trial of Derek Chauvin, a former Minneapolis police officer who was ultimately convicted of murdering George Floyd.
The killing of Mr. Wright, who was Black, by Ms. Potter, who is white, drew thousands of demonstrators to the Brooklyn Center Police Department for a week. At night, people threw water bottles, rocks and other items at a line of officers stationed in front of the building; the police fired tear gas, foam bullets and other projectiles at demonstrators and arrested hundreds of people that week.
What happened in the shooting?
Ms. Potter, who resigned from the Brooklyn Center Police Department shortly after the shooting, had been training another officer, Anthony Luckey, on April 11 when they pulled over Mr. Wright.
Prosecutors have said that Officer Luckey told Mr. Wright that he was being pulled over because the registration of the Buick he was driving had expired, as indicated by an outdated sticker tab on the car’s license plate, and because of an air freshener that was dangling from his rearview mirror, which is a traffic violation.
The officers ran Mr. Wright’s name in their computer system and found that a judge had issued a warrant for his arrest after he missed a court date over two misdemeanor charges. Those charges, of carrying a pistol without a permit and running away from the police, stemmed from an encounter with Minneapolis police officers in June 2020.
Ms. Potter and Officer Luckey returned to Mr. Wright’s car and asked him to step out, body camera footage showed. When the officers told Mr. Wright that there was an outstanding warrant and Officer Luckey began to handcuff him, Mr. Wright twisted out of the officer’s grip and got back into the driver’s seat.
The body cam footage showed Officer Luckey attempting to pull Mr. Wright from the car as Ms. Potter drew a weapon and aimed it at Mr. Wright. She shouted, “I’ll Tase you!” and then “Taser! Taser! Taser!” before firing a bullet into Mr. Wright’s chest.
After Ms. Potter fired the gun, the video shows, she cursed and said, “I just shot him.” Officer Luckey and a sergeant who had arrived at the scene appeared stunned. After the shot was fired, Mr. Wright’s car moved down the street, coming to a stop when it struck another car.
In the criminal complaint filed against Ms. Potter, a special agent with the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension described additional body camera footage that has not been released publicly. The agent, Charles Phill, wrote that Ms. Potter, moments after the shooting, had used an expletive, lamenting that she had “grabbed the wrong gun” and, a minute later, had said, “I’m going to go to prison.”
Mr. Wright was pronounced dead at the scene at 2:18 p.m., 16 minutes after he was shot.
What are the charges and possible sentences?
Prosecutors in the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office have filed two felony charges against Ms. Potter: first-degree manslaughter and second-degree manslaughter.
To convict Ms. Potter of first-degree manslaughter, jurors would need to find that Ms. Potter had caused Mr. Wright’s death while recklessly handling her gun with “such force and violence” that it was “reasonably foreseeable” that someone would be killed or suffer great bodily harm.
To convict her of the lesser charge of second-degree manslaughter, jurors would need to find that Ms. Potter had caused Mr. Wright’s death through negligence, had created “an unreasonable risk” and had consciously taken the chance of killing someone or inflicting great bodily harm.
Neither charge suggests that she intended to kill Mr. Wright.
The standard sentence for a conviction first-degree manslaughter is about seven years, though the maximum sentence is 15 years. For second-degree manslaughter, the standard sentence is four years in prison and the maximum is 10 years.
If Ms. Potter is convicted, the exact sentence would be up to a judge, though prosecutors have said they plan to seek a sentence that is harsher than the standard sentence. They have also indicated that state law would require Ms. Potter to serve at least three years in prison if she is convicted of either charge.
When Ms. Potter was first arrested, she was charged only with second-degree manslaughter. But after Keith Ellison, Minnesota’s attorney general, took over the case, prosecutors with his office added the more serious manslaughter charge.
Who are the lawyers and the judge?
Representing Ms. Potter are Paul Engh and Earl Gray, lawyers who are part of the legal defense fund of the Minnesota Police and Peace Officers Association, a group that represents thousands of law enforcement officers in the state.
The lead prosecutor is Matthew Frank, an assistant attorney general who was also the lead prosecutor in Mr. Chauvin’s trial. Erin Eldridge, another assistant attorney general, is also on the prosecution team. Ms. Eldridge delivered the opening statements for the state and also led the cross-examination of Ms. Potter when she took the stand.
The judge overseeing the case is Regina M. Chu, who was appointed in 2002 when Jesse Ventura was governor. She worked in the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office for several years in the 1980s, then entered private practice, before being appointed to the bench.
Who was Daunte Wright?
Mr. Wright was remembered by friends as an upbeat character who loved to play basketball and was a supportive father to his son, Daunte Jr., who was a year old when Mr. Wright was killed.
“He always said he couldn’t wait to make his son proud,” Katie Wright, Mr. Wright’s mother, said at his funeral in April. “Junior was the joy of his life, and he lived for him every single day, and now he’s not going to be able to see him.”
In the days and weeks after Mr. Wright’s death, it emerged that he had several pending criminal charges and had been accused of being involved in two violent encounters.
A little over a month after Mr. Wright’s death, a mother sued his estate, claiming that Mr. Wright had shot her son in the head in Minneapolis in May 2019, leaving him disabled. The mother’s lawsuit says that her son had been childhood friends with Mr. Wright but that they had fallen out and that her son had “beat up” Mr. Wright in May 2019, possibly motivating Mr. Wright to seek revenge.
The lawsuit offers no direct evidence tying Mr. Wright to the shooting, and the Minneapolis police have not made any arrests or commented on the claims in the lawsuit.
A lawyer for Mr. Wright’s estate has asked a judge to dismiss the lawsuit, and Ms. Wright has said the claims are hurtful.
“To run with allegations like that is pretty bad, whether they are true or not true,” she said in an interview with The Star Tribune.
In addition to the pending gun possession charge that led to the warrant, Mr. Wright was also facing charges of robbing a woman at gunpoint in December 2019.
Many who knew Mr. Wright have said he was a man who had made mistakes but had been improving his life.
A friend, Emajay Driver, said that Mr. Wright had “loved to make people laugh.” As a freshman in high school in Minneapolis, Mr. Wright had been voted a class clown. “There was never a dull moment,” Mr. Driver said.
In the eulogy at Mr. Wright’s funeral, the Rev. Al Sharpton called Mr. Wright the “prince of Brooklyn Center” and said the police had not known how many lives Mr. Wright brightened.
What do we know about Kimberly Potter?
Ms. Potter was an officer with the Brooklyn Center Police Department for 26 years before she resigned after the shooting.
She served as a field training officer and was training a less experienced colleague, Officer Luckey, when she shot Mr. Wright. She had also served as the president of the police union in recent years, prosecutors have said.
Her husband was also a police officer for 28 years in Fridley, Minn., which is just across the Mississippi River from Brooklyn Center. Before he retired, her husband was an instructor in the department, training officers in things including using Tasers and how and when to use force, according to a city newsletter.
How often do officers confuse a gun with a Taser?
While not common, there have been several instances in which police officers mistakenly fired their guns when they meant to use their Tasers.
In 2018, a rookie Kansas police officer mistakenly shot a man who was fighting with a fellow officer. In 2019, a police officer in Pennsylvania shouted “Taser!” before shooting an unarmed man in the torso. And in one of the most publicized cases, a white police officer with the Bay Area Rapid Transit agency said he had meant to fire his Taser when he fatally shot Oscar Grant III, who was Black, as Mr. Grant was lying face down on a train platform on New Year’s Day in 2009.
In April, The New York Times reported that, of 15 cases of so-called weapon confusion in the last two decades, a third of the officers involved were indicted, and in three cases — including the only two in which people were killed — the officers were found guilty.
Will Wright contributed reporting.