How the money will be spent.
While government officials have their wish lists ready, it remains too early to know how exactly the money will be distributed and which projects will be the winners.
“What we’re entering now is a crucial implementation phase, where federal, state and local leaders are going to have to coordinate on not just getting the funding out there, but even designing the programs that are going to get the funding out there,” said Joseph Kane, a fellow at the Brookings Institution, a nonpartisan Washington think tank.
Some money will be channeled through various federal agencies, like the Department of Transportation. Another portion will flow to state entities, like the New York Department of Transportation or New Jersey Transit, based on existing, complex formulas. The states will then decide which projects to prioritize.
The process is likely to take years.
But officials are optimistic. Mr. Gutman said that the bill’s priorities matched “the priorities that we set and that we’ve been pursuing.” But now, he said, the city was “going to have the windfall” to achieve them.
Republicans who backed the bill face backlash.
With only 13 House Republicans and 19 Republican senators voting in support of the bill, several who voted yes drew the ire of some rank-and-file conservative voters, highlighting how the country’s sharp polarization could spill over even into roads, pipes and bridges.
Of the House Republicans who supported the bill, four were from New York and two from New Jersey. In Long Island, a man was arrested Wednesday after making death threats against Representative Andrew Garbarino over his vote to pass the bill. In a previous interview with The New York Times, a spokeswoman said the Washington office of Representative Nicole Malliotakis, who represents Staten Island and parts of Brooklyn, has received several angry phone calls, though a majority of callers to her Staten Island office were supportive.
Representative Tom Reed, a Republican who represents rural areas upstate, said his office had received several “aggressive” calls over his vote in favor of the bill. But he believes the vast majority of his constituents support the measure.