Ghanaians are voting in elections in which President Nana Akufo-Addo and his main rival, former president John Mahama, are offering plans to help the economy rebound from its first quarterly contraction in nearly 40 years.
Eyes are on the West African economic powerhouse to see if it can maintain its standing as a bastion of democracy in the unstable region where election disputes this year have fanned fears of a slide back into authoritarianism.
There are 12 presidential candidates, but most voters are likely to choose between Akufo-Addo and his New Patriotic Party, and Mahama’s National Democratic Congress, which have alternated in power since 1992.
A new parliament will also be elected.
Last year Ghana emerged from a three-year lending program with the International Monetary Fund only for the new coronavirus to knock demand for its key exports of oil and cocoa.
If re-elected for a second four-year term, Akufo-Addo is promising to push ahead with a $US17 billion recovery program to boost jobs, while Mahama’s keystone pledge is a $US10 billion infrastructure plan.
The race is expected to be tight, though commentators say Akufo-Addo has a slight lead based on his performance during the pandemic, in which his administration provided free water and subsidised electricity to households.
“He has brought hope to many Ghanaians through his social interventions. It’s been a difficult year,” said 45-year-old businesswoman Evelyn Amey.
The two sides agreed on Friday to resolve any electoral disputes in court, after fears that unofficial security groups hired by politicians could disrupt the vote.
Results are expected no later than December 10, but will likely come sooner.